- Gastrointestinal disease
- Short bowel syndrome
- Neurological impairment (for example, cerebral palsy, anoxic brain injury, severe seizure disorder)
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Pulmonary disease
- Cystic fibrosis
- Congenital heart disease
The method of tube feeding will depend on the child’s needs and ability to accept the treatment. Listed below is an overview of the different types of tube feeding treatments:
Bolus Feedings: Bolus feedings are similar to a regular meal with the patient receiving larger amounts of food given over a shorter period of time, with several hours in between feedings.
Continuous Feedings: During continuous feeding, the tube fed formula is given slowly over a long period of time (usually 18-20 hours). This method is more easily tolerated than bolus feedings and is required with certain tubes.1
Combination Feedings: Combination feedings combine both the bolus and the continuous feeding methods.
1Axelrod et al. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2006; 30: S21–S26.